Many women suffer from a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome, also known as PCOS, without knowing it. Often, candidates with PCOS experience irregular periods, excess facial hair, and acne, especially on the chin, lip, and sideburns.
This is the result of a hormonal imbalance, and polycystic ovary syndrome often – but not always – causes cysts to form directly on the ovaries.
These cysts are not harmful, but they lead to a hormonal imbalance that can cause infrequent or long menstrual periods, excess hair growth, acne and obesity. It is also important to get a diagnosis of PCOS early so that it does not lead to long-term complications such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
What causes polycystic ovary syndrome?
Doctors don’t know exactly what causes polycystic ovary syndrome, but there are some theories about certain risk factors:
– Excess insulin: Too much insulin may affect the ovaries by increasing the production of androgens (male hormones), which may ultimately interfere with the ovaries’ ability to ovulate properly.
– Low-grade inflammation: Studies have shown that women with PCOS also suffer from low-grade inflammation, which causes the polycystic ovaries to produce androgens.
– Genetics: PCOS can run in families, so if your mother or sister has it, you have a greater chance of developing it too.
Signs and symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome begin soon after a woman starts menstruating, but PCOS can also develop during later reproductive years. There are several signs to watch out for; However, individuals may be affected differently, and symptoms worsen with obesity.
The Mayo Clinic and WebMD say you should look for the following symptoms:
1_ Irregular menstrual cycle
This is one of the most common signs of PCOS. Some examples include periods that are 35 days or longer, fewer than eight periods per year, long or heavy menstrual periods, and failure to menstruate for four or more months.
2_Increase facial and body hair
You may find increased hair growth on your chin, chest, back, abdomen, and even your toes.
You may suffer from depression or mood swings that seem out of character.
PCOS can also cause acne or very oily skin. The blisters may be very deep and painful.5. Problems with insulin level
Excess insulin interferes with the ovaries’ ability to ovulate properly. Treatment
Treatment for PCOS varies from person to person. Your doctor may prescribe lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise to help lose weight. Your doctor may also prescribe birth control to help regulate your menstrual cycle and reduce androgen production. However, every patient is different, so if you recognize any of the symptoms, you should talk to your doctor to get a diagnosis and find out the best approach. Polycystic ovary syndrome treatment and symptoms.